Most of work place injuries which often lead to deaths are caused due to FALL FROM HEIGHT. There are many factors that contribute to these statistics. Improper equipment, incomplete scaffolding, footwear, obstructed access ways , lack of job related training, awareness and understanding of the job risks, climate conditions etc. all these play a big role in the high incidence of slips trips and falls. Fall protection requires proper tools/equipment, properly trained/competent scaffolders and the safety attitude towards self-responsibility.
Fall prevention is not an option it is requirement. According to OSHA standards, protection is mandatory whenever a fall hazard of 6 feet or more exist. That’s why fall protection is required on unprotected sides, edges of walking or working surfaces which are 6 feet or more above a lower level. The safety standard sets forth some means of protection. Which are PFAS (Personnel Fall Arrest System), Guard Rails, and Safety Net & the Life lines. All these methods have been in practices at construction projects, as required basis.
PFAS (Personnel Fall Arrest System):
Personnel fall arrest system should be a last resort to save lives during working at height. So employees must be trained how to use PFAS properly. Fall arrest systems prevent personnel from falling in construction sites, factories, and other industrial locations. A PFAS consists of three parts: a full body harness, an anchorage connector that guarantees a secure base connection, and a shock-absorbing lanyard to remove the strain out from the fall. Any platform Anchorage (Life Lines) must be independent and capable to supporting at least 5000 lbs, per worker.
Guard Rail System:
Guard rails are the simplest and best form of fall prevention during working at height. These protect open sided floors, floor holes, elevator shafts, and landings for personnel hoists, etc. To say the
Least these are everywhere. Guard rails must have a mid-rail at 21″ and a top rail between 39” to 45” both rails must withstand a 200 pound force. If the top rail is cable, you should not be able to push it down 39 inches. And guard rails not are used as a tie off point unless designed to support 5000 pounds for each attached individuals.